FRANCE: Pain de Campagne is a multi-grain French sourdough, made with white, whole wheat and rye flours. Back in the day, French villagers would bake very large loaves in communal ovens, which could feed the family for weeks. Some say scoring was a way to identify your loaf.
This recipe follows Maura Brickman’s method for Pain de Campagne introduced on King Arthur’s website (see video link below) whereby you can use your starter straight from the fridge. You don’t have to feed it the night before, and you don’t have to create a levain with an active starter. This removes two steps from a very long process.
Baking a sourdough loaf is a two-day affair, because there are so many stages in the prepping and proofing. I set out to find if it was possible to a.) make a loaf in one day, and b.) be 100% satisfied with the result. And, I’m here to tell you that there is! This is a method for baking a sourdough loaf with no overnight rise, and if you get started early enough, (8:00 AM) you’ll have a warm loaf to bring to the dinner table.
Sourdough not sour enough? Try this shorter, less complicated method of making sourdough, that gets a sour boost from citric acid, which is what’s produced as your starter matures. It’s got a nice rise, sturdy crisp crust, and a chewy interior. It doesn’t have the extreme open crumb, but honestly, I find that annoying if I’m trying to make a sandwich, so that suits me just fine. I used all bread flour, but you can substitute some rye and/or whole wheat (see ratios below for a Pain de Campagne) without any adverse effects. My starter is made with rye flour, so there is already some whole grain mixed in.
So far, my soudough loaves have not been very sour. My starter is young, and I think that might have something to do with it. To make this have that familiar sourdough tang, I added 1/4 tsp citric acid. This resulted in a slightly tangy loaf; if you’re looking for more, bump it up to 1/2 tsp instead.
STEP 1:Activate starter (4~6 hours)
Feed your starter so you can use it when it is active/mature. Mine usually takes between 4~6 hours, depending on the temperature. Keep it close by, so you can monitor the rise, and use it when it’s mature, and not starting to fall. My starter is a 1:1:1 ratio, i.e. 100g flour + 100g starter + 100g water.
STEP 2: Prepare dough
450g Bread Flour (all purpose is okay, too)*
1/4 tsp citric acid
100g active starter
* To make a Pain de Campagne, use this mixture of flours:
90g whole wheat
Mix everything together, so the flour is thoughly incorporated into the water and levain. I do this by hand (just one, keeping the other one clean to turn the bowl) because it’s the best way to tell that there’s no lumps of wet levain or dried dough. Alternatively, you could use the stand mixer with the paddle attachment.
STEP 3: Autolyse (1 hour)
Scrape the sides of the bowl with a dough scraper to get everything included.
Cover and let rest for one hour, to properly hydrate the dough
STEP 4: Bulk Fermentation/Kneading (3 hours)
The dough should rest for 5~6 hours, with in-the-bowl stretch and fold kneading method occuring every 30 minutes. It helps to write down each time you complete a stretch and fold/30 minute rest period, so you don’t lose track.
First stretch and fold: Wet fingers. Reach under a side of dough, lift it away from the bowl and pull it up and out to stretch, then fold it back over the top towards the opposite side. Pick up the opposite side and do the same, then repeat with the other 2 sides. Since this is the first knead, and the dough it prett tight, repeat it two times.
Cover and let rest 30 minutes. (30 minute rest time total so far)
Second stretch and fold: Do one rotation of the four stretch and folds (instead of the three that you did the first time around).
Don’t pull too hard, so as not to tear the dough.
Be gentle, and don’t press the dough down too much, because you don’t want to release the gasses forming.
Cover and let rest for 30 minutes (60 minutes rest time so far)
Third, Fourth, FIfth and Sixth stretch and fold: Repeat these stretch and folds, and 30 minute rests four more times (this will be 3 hours total rest time so far)
STEP 5: Finish bulk fermentation (2 ~ 3 hours)
Cover, and rest dough for 2 hours, so that your total bulk fermantation is 5 hours. If the temperature is on the cool side, you might want to let it rest another hour. It should be just very slightly puffier, and have very slight movement if you shake the bowl. Very slight.
STEP 6: Shape dough and proof overnight
Gently turn your bowl out onto a lightly floured surface.
Follow the video instructions below on how to shape your dough into a batard shape, and place it in the proofing basket seam side up
If you do a Google search for sourdough recipes, you’ll get 25,600,000 results. There is a ton of information — and misinformation — to sift through. I tested five different methods and this version, from Full Proof Baking’s Kristen Dennis was the clear winner. Although it is time consuming, and a little tricky, the instructions are very detailed and the steps are demonstrated on the video, linked below. This is an all day affair — a perfect loaf for #bakingwhileworking.
This is a “good-enough” pizza dough. Perfect for beginners. You can make it, top it and bake it in the time it takes to get one delivered. I substitute beer for water, because of the short rise time. This gives it that yeasty flavor which would otherwise naturally develop during a longer rise time.
IRELAND: Soda bread is a daily bread that was made by every Irish household with ingredients affordable to all. Dump everything in a bowl, mix it with your hand, and it’s ready to pop in the oven in under 5 minutes. I used 50/50 whole wheat and white flour; but it can be all white if you prefer. The method is so easy, you don’t really need a video, but Darina Allen’s instructions and history (she’s the Julia Child of Ireland) are worth viewing at least once!
MEXICO: Bolillos are the most popular savory bread in Mexico. I loved making these little sandwich rolls. They’ve got a sturdy crisp crust, and are soft and dense inside. I still haven’t perfected scoring, and came across a suggestion to use scissors. The slashes ended up rising into little peaks, which was not the look I was going for, but now I think I like it!
This is the first of three rye breads on my list, and a great loaf for beginners. It’s a sturdy, easy, straight forward recipe, and doesn’t take a lot of active time, which makes it perfect for those of us “baking while working”. I’ve doubled the caraway seeds, for just a little more flavor.
ITALY: A thick, airy, flat bread with a lot of potential. It’s delicious with the traditional topping of olive oil, salt and rosemary. Or, you can join the Focaccia Bread Art movement and make it a meal. I tested a few quicker versions, with just one rise time, but this version, with a super wet dough and the addition of a salamoia (brine) is the most authentic. Plus, the four rises/folds ever 30 minutes are a great excuse to get up from your desk and move, if you’re working from home!
FRANCE: A long, thin loaf with a airy center and thin, crisp crust. It’s a wet dough, so hard to manage. We learned some new methods: “turning” the dough, and using water to keep it from sticking. John’s got a soothing, calm voice, and talks us through every step of the process.